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Peggy Glanville-Hicks (1912-1990)

Peggy Glanville-Hicks, composerPeggy Winsome Glanville-Hicks, composer and critic, was born at St Kilda, a suburb of Melbourne. She was educated at Milverton and Methodist Ladies’ College in Melbourne, and then at Clyde school in Woodend before commencing composition studies with conductor and composer Fritz Hart at the Albert St Conservatorium. In 1932, after a farewell concert in the Town Hall on 2 June, she undertook further study at the Royal College of Music in London. There she studied composition with R.O. Morris and Ralph Vaughan Williams, conducting with Malcolm Sargent and piano with Arthur Benjamin. In 1936 she was awarded the Octavia Travelling Scholarship and commenced studies with Egon Wellesz in Vienna before abandoning them at the end of that year in favour of study with Nadia Boulanger in Paris. After intermittent studies with Boulanger in 1937 she returned to London and then, briefly, to Australia in 1938. Glanville-Hicks was the first Australian to have a work performed at the International Society for Contemporary Music. Glanville-Hicks married fellow composer Stanley Richard Bate, with whom she emigrated in 1941 to the United States. Over the next six years Glanville-Hicks and Bate lived in poverty and disharmony as they struggled to find work and obtain performances. At the beginning of 1946 Glanville-Hicks left Bate and in the following year she embarked on a career as a critic and commentator on modern music, contributing to the New York Herald Tribune, Music & Letters, Musical America, Musical Quarterly, and Grove’s Dictionary. In 1949 she became an American citizen. The decade of the 1950s brought Glanville-Hicks to prominence as a composer of "exotic" music, an advocate for percussion and modality, for cross-fertilisation with Middle Eastern and Eastern (especially Indian) music, and as a "catalyst" for the performance of new music. She acted as indefatigable organiser of the Composers’ Forum, and was a member of the boards of the Music Critics Circle of New York, the League of Composers and the American Composers Alliance. Glanville-Hicks received awards from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation. She is best known for her operas, which include The Transposed Heads (1954), The Glittering Gate (1959), Nausicaa (1961), and Sappho (1963).
-  University of Melbourne

COMPOSITIONS                                                            Glanville-Hicks Links     ~ ~ ~     Works by Genre
Ireland, female chorus [SSA] (1931) [text: David McKee Wright]
Jerusalem, chorus (1931; lost) [text: William Blake?]
Frolic, high voice and piano (c. 1931; fp. 1935) [text: AE/George Russell]
Rest, hight voice and piano (1931; fp. 1935) [text: AE/George Russell]
He Reproves the Curlew, soprano and piano (1932) [text: W.B. Yeats]
Prelude for a Pensive Pupil, piano (1932)
To the Moon, soprano and piano (1932; lost) [text: Percy Bysshe Shelley]
A Widow Bird, soprano and piano (1932; lost) [text: Percy Bysshe Shelley]
[violin fantasy], solo violin (1932; lost)
They Are Not Long, voice and piano (1932) [text: Ernest Dowson]
Sheiling Song, voice and piano (1932) [text: Fiona MacLeod (William Sharp)]
Be Still You Little Leaves, medium voice and piano (1934) [text: Mary Webb, from "The Spring of Joy"]
Ardan Mór, [voice and piano?] (1934; lost) [text: Francis Ledwidge]
Come Sleep, high or medium voice and piano (1934) [text: John Fletcher, from "The Woman Hater"]
Poem, chorus and orchestra (1934; lost) [text: John Fletcher or John Donne]
Trio for Pipes, I and II, treble, alto and tenor recorders (1934)
Hylas and the Nymphs, ballet, flute, harp, strings, percussion (1935; lost) [after painting by John William Waterhouse]
Music for Robots [The Robot: Music for an Abstract Film], film score (1935; lost)
Sinfonietta [Symphonetta No. 1] in D minor, small orchestra (1935)
Pastoral, female chorus [SSAA] and clarinet (or English horn) (1936) [text: Rabindranath Tagore, from "Fruit Gathering"]
Spanish Suite (5 mvts), oboe and string orchestra (1936; rev. 1937; lost)
Caedmon, opera in one act (3 scenes) (1936; fp. 1956) [libretto: Glanville-Hicks]
In Mid-Wood Silence, soprano, oboe and string quartet (1936; lost) [text: John Clare, "In Hilly-Wood"]
Song in Summer, chorus and orchestra (1936; lost) [text: John Fletcher?]
Concerto No. 1, piano and orchestra (1936; lost)
Pastoral, piano (1936)
Prelude and Scherzo, orchestra (1937; lost)
Choral Suite (5 mvts), female chorus, oboe and string orchestra (1937) [text: John Fletcher, from "The Power of Music"]
Concerto, flute and small orchestra (1937; rev. ca. 1948; lost)
String Quartet No. 1 (1937; lost)
Three Preludes, piano (1937; lost)
[Song], [voice and piano?] (1937; lost]
Postman’s Knock, ballet (1937; lost) [after the painting of The Wedding Party by Henri-Julien-Félix Rousseau]
Sinfonietta No. 2, [orchestra?] (1938; lost)
Clouds, film score (1938; lost)
Glacier, film score (1938; lost)
Sonatina, treble recorder (or flute) and piano (1939; fp. 1945)
Five Songs [Five Songs from Housman, or "Last Poems"], mezzo-soprano and piano (1944) [text: A.E. Housman]
Aria  Concertante, tenor, 4-part female chorus, oboe, piano and gong (1945; lost) [text: Mario Monteforte-Toledo]
Profiles from China (5 songs), mezzo-soprano and piano (1945) [text: Eunice Tietjens]
Concertino da Camera, flute, clarinet, bassoon and piano (1945)
Killer-of-Enemies, dance cantata, narrator, tenor, speaking and singing chorus and orch, op. 21 (1946-47) [text: Erick Hawkins]
Ballade (3 songs), medium voice and piano (1947) [text: Paul Bowles]
Sidi Amar in Winter, voice and piano (1946-47) [text: Paul Bowles]
Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird (13 songs), medium voice and piano (1948) [text: Wallace Stevens]
Obeisance to a Lucite Spectrum, piano (1949) ["For John Cage on his birthday 5 September 1949"]
Thomsoniana, tenor or soprano, flute, horn, piano and string quartet (1949) [text: from the daily press by Virgil Thomson]
Tulsa, documentary film score (1949) [made by US State Department for circulation in occupied territory]
Tel film, animated cartoon score, clarinet, trumpet, trombone, piano, 2 violins and cello (1950)
Sonata for Harp (1950)
Sonata for Piano and Percussion [xylophone, timp, suspended cymbal, gongs, tam tam, tomtom & bass drum] (1951)
Letters from Morocco (6 songs + spoken mvt), tenor & orch (1952) [text: Paul Bowles, taken from unpub. letters to Glanville-Hicks]
Sinfonia da Pacifica [Sinfonia Pacifica], orchestra (1953)
The Transposed Heads, opera in 6 scenes (1953) [libretto: by the composer, after Thomas Mann's "Die vertauschten Köpfe"]
Three Gymnopédies, oboe, harp, celeste and string orchestra (1953) [see ballet "Triad", 1958]
Etruscan Concerto, piano and chamber orchestra (1954) [after D.H. Lawrence's "Etruscan Places"]
Concertino Antico [Concerto Antiqua], harp and string quartet (1955)
Six Madrigals, chorus (1955) [text: Wallace Stevens]
Three of Our Children (The African Story), short film score,  piccolo, marimba, timp & perc (1956) [for The United Nations]
Concerto Romantico, viola and orchestra (1956)
The Glittering Gate, opera ("curtain raiser") in one act (1956) [libretto: PG-H, after Lord Dunsany] [addl music by V. Ussachevsky]
Musica Antiqua No. 1 (6 mvts), 2 flutes, harp, marimba, timpani and percussion (1957)
Prelude and Presto for Ancient American Instruments [Pre-Columbian Prelude and Presto] (1957)
The Masque of the Wild Man, ballet, fl, tpt, celeste, harp, pf, 2 perc and string orch (1958) [after a 13th century Italian tapestry]
    - Tapestry for Orchestra (1958) [orch vers. of  ballet "The Masque of the Wild Man"]
Triad, segment of ballet, small instrumental ensemble (1958; lost) [probably one mvt from the "Three Gymnopédies"]
A Scary Time, short film score, clarinet, violin & perc (1958; pub. 1960) [director: Shirley Clarke and Robert Hughes for UNICEF]
Saul and the Witch of Endor, ballet, trumpet, percussion and strings (1959) [commissioned by CBS-TV]
    - Drama for Orchestra, clarinet, trumpet, piano, perc and string orchestra (1959) [orch vers. of "Saul and the Witch of Endor"]
Nausicaa, opera in 3 acts (1960) [libretto: Alastair Reid and P. Glanville-Hicks, after "Homer’s Daughter" by Robert Graves]
Sappho, opera in 3 acts (1963; rev. 1965) [libretto: P. Granville-Hicks, after "Sappho, A Play in Verse" by Lawrence Durrell]
Meditation ("A Quiet Piece"), orchestra (1964)
Jeptha’s Daughter [Tragic Celebration], ballet (1966) [commissioned by CBS TV]
Rimbaud: a ballet in 9 Stanzas [A Season in Hell] (1967) [after "Une saison en Enfer" by Artur Rimbaud]
Girondelle for Giraffes, piccolo, flute, trombone, double bass, drum & suspended cymbal (1978) [for exhibition by Pam Boden]


WORKS BY GENRE                                                            Glanville-Hicks Links     ~ top of page ~
Dramatic/Theater
Caedmon, opera in one act (3 scenes) (1936; fp. 1956) [libretto: Glanville-Hicks]
The Transposed Heads, opera in 6 scenes (1953) [libretto: by the composer, after Thomas Mann's "Die vertauschten Köpfe"]
The Glittering Gate, opera ("curtain raiser") in one act (1956) [libretto: PG-H, after Lord Dunsany] [addl music by V. Ussachevsky]
Nausicaa, opera in 3 acts (1960) [libretto: Alastair Reid and P. Glanville-Hicks, after "Homer’s Daughter" by Robert Graves]
Sappho, opera in 3 acts (1963; rev. 1965) [libretto: P. Granville-Hicks, after "Sappho, A Play in Verse" by Lawrence Durrell]

Ballet
Hylas and the Nymphs, ballet, flute, harp, strings, percussion (1935; lost) [after painting by John William Waterhouse]
Postman’s Knock, ballet (1937; lost) [after the painting of The Wedding Party by Henri-Julien-Félix Rousseau]
Killer-of-Enemies, dance cantata, narrator, tenor, speaking and singing chorus and orch, op. 21 (1946-47) [text: Erick Hawkins]
The Masque of the Wild Man, ballet, fl, tpt, celeste, harp, pf, 2 perc and string orch (1958) [after a 13th century Italian tapestry]
    - Tapestry for Orchestra (1958) [orch vers. of  ballet "The Masque of the Wild Man"]
Triad, segment of ballet, small instrumental ensemble (1958; lost) [probably one mvt from the "Three Gymnopédies"]
Saul and the Witch of Endor, ballet, trumpet, percussion and strings (1959) [commissioned by CBS-TV]
    - Drama for Orchestra, clarinet, trumpet, piano, perc and string orchestra (1959) [orch vers. of "Saul and the Witch of Endor"]
Jeptha’s Daughter [Tragic Celebration], ballet (1966) [commissioned by CBS TV]
Rimbaud: a ballet in 9 Stanzas [A Season in Hell] (1967) [after "Une saison en Enfer" by Artur Rimbaud]

Orchestra
Sinfonietta [Symphonetta No. 1] in D minor, small orchestra (1935) [3 mvts]
Spanish Suite (5 mvts), oboe and string orchestra (1936; rev. 1937; lost)
    - Pavane in the Lion’s Court
    - Serenade: Three Donkeys
    - Siesta: Afternoon Impressions
    - Fandango: Traditional Movements of the Dance
    - The Low Sky: A Nocturne
Prelude and Scherzo, orchestra (1937; lost)
Sinfonietta No. 2, [orchestra?] (1938; lost)
Sinfonia da Pacifica [Sinfonia Pacifica], orchestra (1953) [Allegro; Lento tranquillo; Allegro giocoso]
Three Gymnopédies, oboe, harp, celeste and string orchestra (1953) [see ballet "Triad", 1958]
    - No. 1: Lento tranquillo, oboe, harp and string orchestra
    - No. 2: Molto tranquillo alla siesta, harp, celeste and string orchestra
    - No. 3: Allegretto semplice, harp and string orchestra
Tapestry for Orchestra (1958) [orch vers. of  ballet "The Masque of the Wild Man"]
Drama for Orchestra, clarinet, trumpet, piano, perc and string orch (1959) [orch vers. of ballet "Saul and the Witch of Endor"]
Meditation ("A Quiet Piece"), orchestra (1964)

Soloist(s) w/Orchestra
Concerto No. 1, piano and orchestra (1936; lost)
Concerto, flute and small orchestra (1937; rev. ca. 1948; lost)
Etruscan Concerto, piano and chamber orchestra (1954) [after D.H. Lawrence's "Etruscan Places"]
    - Promenade
    - Meditation
    - Scherzo
Concerto Romantico, viola and orchestra (1956)

Chorus w/Orchestra
Poem, chorus and orchestra (1934; lost) [text: John Fletcher or John Donne]
Song in Summer, chorus and orchestra (1936; lost) [text: John Fletcher?]
Choral Suite (5 mvts), female chorus, oboe and string orchestra (1937) [text: John Fletcher, from "The Power of Music"]
    - Great God Pan
    - Aspatia’s Song
    - Fair Cupid!
    - Weep No More
    - Song in the Wood
Killer-of-Enemies, dance cantata, narrator, tenor, speaking and singing chorus and orch, op. 21 (1946-47) [text: Erick Hawkins]

Choral
Ireland, female chorus [SSA] (1931) [text: David McKee Wright]
Jerusalem, chorus (1931; lost) [text: William Blake?]
Pastoral, female chorus [SSAA] and clarinet (or English horn) (1936) [text: Rabindranath Tagore, from "Fruit Gathering"]
Aria  Concertante, tenor, 4-part female chorus, oboe, piano and gong (1945; lost) [text: Mario Monteforte-Toledo]
Six Madrigals, chorus (1955) [text: Wallace Stevens]
    - [unknown]
    - The night is the color of a woman’s arm
    - [unknown]
    - [unknown]
    - Not all the knives of the lamp posts
    - Rationalists! Wearing square hats

Chamber
Trio for Pipes, I and II, treble, alto and tenor recorders (1934) [Fairly slowly; Fairly slow]
String Quartet No. 1 (1937; lost)
Concertino da Camera, flute, clarinet, bassoon and piano (1945) [Allegretto; Adagio; Finale: Allegro]
Sonata for Piano and Percussion [xylophone, timp, suspended cymbal, gongs, tam tam, tomtom & bass drum] (3 mvts) (1951)
Concertino Antico [Concerto Antiqua], harp and string quartet (1955)
    - Ceremony
    - Ritual Lento e molto misterioso
    - Roundelay Giocoso tranquillo
Musica Antiqua No. 1 (6 mvts), 2 flutes, harp, marimba, timpani and percussion (1957)
    - Prelude. From Cuxco
    - Intermezzo. From Punjab
    - Canzonetta. From the Congo
    - Andantino. From Kenya
    - Presto. From Lima, Peru
Prelude and Presto for Ancient American Instruments [Pre-Columbian Prelude and Presto], picc/fl/pan pipes/whistles (player 1);
     fl 2/owl/armadillo (player 2); maracas/scraaper/split drums (player 3); conch/drum (player 4); and handclapping (1957)
Girondelle for Giraffes, piccolo, flute, trombone, double bass, drum & suspended cymbal (1978) [for exhibition by Pam Boden]

Solo Instrument
[violin fantasy], solo violin (1932; lost)
Sonata for Harp (1950) [Saeta; Pastorale; Rondo]

Instrument and Piano
Sonatina, treble recorder (or flute) and piano (1939; fp. 1945) [Animato assai; Lento recitative; Vivace]

Piano
Prelude for a Pensive Pupil, piano (1932)
Pastoral, piano (1936)
Three Preludes, piano (1937; lost)
Obeisance to a Lucite Spectrum, piano (1949) ["For John Cage on his birthday 5 September 1949"]
Sonata for Piano and Percussion [xylophone, timp, suspended cymbal, gongs, tam tam, tomtom & bass drum] (3 mvts) (1951)

Vocal
Frolic, high voice and piano (c. 1931; fp. 1935) [text: AE/George Russell]
Rest, hight voice and piano (1931; fp. 1935) [text: AE/George Russell]
He Reproves the Curlew, soprano and piano (1932) [text: W.B. Yeats]
To the Moon, soprano and piano (1932; lost) [text: Percy Bysshe Shelley]
A Widow Bird, soprano and piano (1932; lost) [text: Percy Bysshe Shelley]
They Are Not Long, voice and piano (1932) [text: Ernest Dowson]
Sheiling Song, voice and piano (1932) [text: Fiona MacLeod (William Sharp)]
Be Still You Little Leaves, medium voice and piano (1934) [text: Mary Webb, from "The Spring of Joy"]
Ardan Mór, [voice and piano?] (1934; lost) [text: Francis Ledwidge]
Come Sleep, high or medium voice and piano (1934) [text: John Fletcher, from "The Woman Hater"]
In Mid-Wood Silence, soprano, oboe and string quartet (1936; lost) [text: John Clare, "In Hilly-Wood"]
[Song], [voice and piano?] (1937; lost]
Five Songs [Five Songs from Housman, or "Last Poems"], mezzo-soprano and piano (1944) [text: A.E. Housman]
    - Mimic Heaven
    - He Would Not Stay
    - Stars
    - Unlucky Love
    - Homespun Collars
Aria  Concertante, tenor, 4-part female chorus, oboe, piano and gong (1945; lost) [text: Mario Monteforte-Toledo]
Profiles from China (5 songs), mezzo-soprano and piano (1945) [text: Eunice Tietjens]
    - Poetics
    - A Lament of Scarlet Cloud
    - The Dream
    - Crepuscule
    - The Son of Heaven
Ballade (3 songs), medium voice and piano (1947) [text: Paul Bowles]
    - yet in no sleep
    - how in this garden
    - but no! a slow unchanging circle
Sidi Amar in Winter, voice and piano (1946-47) [text: Paul Bowles]
Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird (13 songs), medium voice and piano (1948) [text: Wallace Stevens]
    - Among twenty snowy mountains
    - I was of three minds
    - The blackbird whirled in the autumn winds
    - A man and a woman are one
    - I do not know which to prefer
    - Icicles filled the long window
    - O thin men of Haddam
    - I know noble accents and lucid
    - When the blackbird flew out of sight
    - At the sight of blackbirds flying
    - He rode over Connecticut
    - The river is moving
    - It was evening all afternoon
Thomsoniana, tenor or soprano, flute, horn, piano and string quartet (1949) [text: from the daily press by Virgil Thomson]
    - Stravinsky
    - Ansermet
    - Schoenberg
    - Satie
    - Clifford Curzon
Letters from Morocco (6 songs + spoken mvt), tenor & orch (1952) [text: Paul Bowles, taken from unpub. letters to Glanville-Hicks]
    - Wind, water, birds and animals
    - Man is hated in the Sahara
    - There are concerts here
    - I have found a new candy
    - The streets smell of orange-blossom
    - Sometimes at that hour there are drums
    - Toward sundown

Film
Music for Robots [The Robot: Music for an Abstract Film], film score (1935; lost)
Clouds, film score (1938; lost)
Glacier, film score (1938; lost)
Tulsa, documentary film score (1949) [made by US State Department for circulation in occupied territory]
Tel film, animated cartoon score, clarinet, trumpet, trombone, piano, 2 violins and cello (1950) [film by Film Graphics, Inc.]
Three of Our Children (The African Story), short film score,  piccolo, marimba, timp & perc (1956) [for The United Nations]
A Scary Time, short film score, clarinet, violin & perc (1958; pub. 1960) [director: Shirley Clarke and Robert Hughes for UNICEF]


GLANVILLE-HICKS  LINKS                                                            Works by Genre      ~ top of page ~
[under construction]
American Sources in Australia: The Peggy Glanville-Hicks Papers (Deborah Hayes, Sonneck Society for American Music)
The Music of Peggy Glanville-Hicks (Victoria Rogers, Ashgate Pub, books.google.com)
The Music of Peggy Glanville-Hicks (Victoria Rogers, The University of Western Australia, Ashgate)
Peggy Glanville-Hicks (1912-1990): International Composer (Deborah Hayes, International Alliance for Women in Music)
Peggy Glanville-Hicks: A Lifetime's Search for Leisure and Silence (Caitlin Rowley, minim-media.com)
Peggy Glanville-Hicks Obituary (John Rockwell, The New York Times)
Peggy Glanville-Hicks: A Transposed Life (James Murdoch, Pendragon Pr, books.google.com)

Composer website (at Australian Music Centre)    . . .   inquire about Peggy Glanville-Hicks: here

Glanville-Hicks @ Wikipedia
Glanville-Hicks @ Australian Dictionary of Biography
Glanville-Hicks @ Australian Music Centre
Glanville-Hicks @ Answers.com
Glanville-Hicks @ Classical Composers Database
Glanville-Hicks @ ClassicsToday
Glanville-Hicks @ Facebook
Glanville-Hicks @ ibiblio
Glanville-Hicks @ MusicWeb International
Glanville-Hicks @ National Library of Australia/Papers of Peggy Glanville-Hicks
Glanville-Hicks @ Naxos
Glanville-Hicks @ New World Records
Glanville-Hicks @ The New York Times
Glanville-Hicks @ Peggy Glanville-Hicks Composers' House Trust
Glanville-Hicks @ REC Music Foundation /The Lied and Art Song Texts Page
Glanville-Hicks @ University of Melbourne    also    here

Publisher
Glanville-Hicks @ AMP (Associated Music Publishers)
Glanville-Hicks @ American Composers Alliance
Glanville-Hicks @ Australian Music Centre
Glanville-Hicks @ Composers Facsimile Editions
Glanville-Hicks @ Editions de L’Oiseau-Lyre
Glanville-Hicks @ Hargail Music Press
Glanville-Hicks @ Edition Peters
Glanville-Hicks @ Weintraub

Streaming Audio
Glanville-Hicks @ Australian Music Centre
Glanville-Hicks @ Internet Archive/RadiOM - Peggy Glanville-Hicks and Her Odyssey
Glanville-Hicks @ MySpaceMusic
Glanville-Hicks @ Rhapsody.com

Recordings
Glanville-Hicks @ Amazon.com
Glanville-Hicks @ ArkivMusic
Glanville-Hicks @ CD Universe
Glanville-Hicks @ ClassicsOnline
Glanville-Hicks @ Discogs
Glanville-Hicks @ New World Records
Glanville-Hicks @ University of Melbourne/discography

Video
Glanville-Hicks @ YouTube
Glanville-Hicks @ Google Video
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