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Miriam Gideon (1906-1996)

Miriam Gideon, composerMiriam Gideon was the daughter of Abram Gideon, a professor of languages at Colorado State University. Her mother was an elementary school teacher. Neither had a strong interest in music and she was brought up without a phonograph in the house. The only musical training she received was what was offered in the public schools, which included reading music and sight-singing. Even so, she developed a strong feeling for music. When the family moved to Chicago when she was nine, she had piano lessons with a cousin and when they settled in New York a year later, she entered Yonkers Conservatory of Music. However, her uncle, Henry Gideon, was a musician and the organist and music director in Temple Israel in Boston. She spent summers staying with him and when she was 14, her parents accepted his assessment that she had musical talent that would benefit if she stayed with him and he directed her training. She took a large part in the Temple's musical activities, which became an influence on her music throughout her long life. She graduated from the College of Liberal Arts in Boston at the age of 19. Deciding to devote herself to composition rather than a career as a pianist, she attended New York University, where her teacher was Marion Bauer. She studied for several years with teachers including Charles Haubiel, Lazare Saminsky, and Roger Sessions. By the 1940's she was gaining attention for her compositions, especially her vocal music. Her Lyric Piece for Strings was premiered by the London Symphony Orchestra in 1944. Admiration for the deftness of her word-settings in particular grew and she wrote in various languages. One composition in particular, Mixco (1957), illustrates this, with the Spanish-language verse of Guatamalan poet Miguel Asturias alternating with its English translations. She began teaching at the Jewish Theological Seminary in 1954 and soon wrote her first Jewish liturgical piece, Adon Olom. In 1970 she was the first woman to be commissioned to write a Sabbath Morning Service, which she followed up three years later by writing a Friday Evening Service. In 1971, she became professor of composition at the City University of New York. She composed steadily, amassing an impressive catalog until her health began to fail in the late '80s. Gideon did not compose to a system or do pre-compositional planning. Her style is freely atonal, sometimes relaxing into an extended tonal style, particularly in her specifically Jewish works, which often have elements of traditional Jewish music. She was the second woman to be elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters (1975) and had a number of gender-related "firsts" to her credit, but she objected to being stereotyped as either a "woman composer" or a "Jewish composer."
-  Joseph Stevenson, All Music Guide

COMPOSITIONS                                                            Gideon Links     ~ ~ ~     Works by Genre
Chanson, voice and piano (1929, unpublished) [text: P. Louÿs]
Das Mädchen im Kampf mit sich selbst, voice and piano (1929) [text: F. Hebbel]
Song from without the World, voice and piano (1929, unpublished) [text: anon.]
Einsamkeit, voice and piano (1930) [text: N. Lenau]
Les elfes, voice and piano (1930, unpublished) [text: Leconte de Lisle]
Leise zieht durch mein Gemut, voice and piano (1930) [text: Heine]
La pluie au matin, voice and piano (1930, unpublished) [text: P. Louÿs]
May the Words, chorus (1930)
Slumber Song, voice and piano (1931, unpublished) [text: S. Sassoon]
Be still, the hanging gardens were a dream, voice and piano (1934, unpublished) [text: T. Stickney]
Orion, voice and piano (1934, unpublished)
Three Cornered Pieces (Piano Suite No. l) (6 pieces), piano (1935) [for young playeers] [also arr. for flute, clarinet and piano]
Hommage a ma jeunesse (To My Youth), sonatina, 2 pianos (1935)
German Songs (5 songs), voice and piano (1937)
At the Aquarium, voice and piano (1938, unpublished) [text: M. Eastman]
Im Traum, voice and piano (1938, unpublished) [text: Heine]
Sonnet, voice and piano (1938, unpublished) [text: e.e. cummings]
Southern Road, voice and piano (1938, unpublished) [text: S. Brown]
Incantation on an Indian Theme, viola and piano (1939, unpublished)
She Weeps Over Rahoon, voice and piano (1939) [text: James Joyce]
The Too-Late Born, high voice and piano (1939) [text: Archibald MacLeish]
Sketches (Piano Suite No. 2), piano (1937-40)
Allegro and Andante, orchestra (1940, withdrawn)
Gather Ye Rosebuds, voice and piano (1940, unpublished) [text: Robert Herrick]
Slow, Slow, Fresh Fount, madrigal, male chorus (or mixed chorus) (1941) [text: Ben Jonson]
Epigrams, suite, chamber orchestra (1941, unpublished)
Lyric Piece, string quartet (1941) [also arr. for string orchestra]
Sweet Western Wind, chorus (1943) [text: Robert Herrick]
Flute Sontata, flute and piano (1943, unpublished)
Canzona, piano (1945)
The Hound of Heaven, voice, oboe, violin, viola and cello (1945) [text: Francis Thompson]
String Quartet (1946)
How Goodly Are Thy Tents, chorus and organ/piano (1947) [text: Psalm 84]
Divertimento, woodwind quartet (1948; pub. 1957)
Fantasy on a Javanese Motive, cello and piano (1948)
Viola Sonata (1948)
Air, violin and piano (1950)
Sonnets from Shakespeare, song cycle (5 songs), voice, trumpet and string orchestra (or string quartet) (1950)
Little Ivory Figures Pulled with String, voice and guitar (1950) [text: Amy Lowell]
Tango langoroso, piano (1950?)
Piano Suite No. 3 (3 pieces), piano (1951)
Epitaphs from Robert Burns, song cycle (4 songs), voice and piano (1952)
Sonnets from "Fatal Interview", song cycle (3 songs), voice, vln, va & vc (or voice & pf) (1952; pub. 1961?)[text: St. Vincent Millay]
Symphonia brevis (2 Movements for Orchestra), orchestra (1953)
Six Cuckoos in Quest of a Composer: with apologies to Pirandello and others (6 pieces), piano (1953)
Adon Olom (Lord God of All), chorus, ob, tpt and string orch/ensemble (1954?; pub. 1957) [also arr. chorus and pf/org]
Mixco, voice and piano (1957) [text: Miguel Angel Asturias]
To Music, high voice and piano (1957) [text: Robert Herrick]
May the Words of My Mouth, chorus (1957) [text: Union Prayer Book/Jewish Reform service]
Piano Suite for Children (pub. 1957) [Piano Suite No. 4?]
Piano Suite No. 5 (pub. 1958)
Fortunato, chamber opera in 3 scenes (1958) [libretto: Gideon, after S. and J. Quintero]
Biblical Masks (Three Biblical Masks), organ (1958) [arr. 1979 for violin and piano]
    - Three Biblical Masks, violin and piano (1979) [musical portraits of 3 characters in the Purim story from the Book of Esther]
The Adorable Mouse, voice, fl, cl, bsn, hn, timp and hpschd (1960) [text: Gideon, after a fable by La Fontaine]
    - also arr. for narrator and piano (or narrator, fl, cl, 2 hn, pf, timp and str orch/ensemble)
Songs of Voyage, song cycle (2 songs), voice and piano (1961)
Cello Sonata (1961; pub. 1991)
The Condemned Playground, song cycle (3 songs), soprano, tenor, flute, bassoon and string quartet (1963)
Questions on Nature, song cycle (7 songs), medium voice, oboe, piano, tam-tam and glockenspiel (1964) [text: Adelard of Bath]
Habitable Earth, cantata in 3 parts, SATB soloists, chorus, oboe and piano (or organ) (1965) [text: Bible/Proverbs]
Spiritual Madrigals, male chorus, bassoon, viola and cello (1965) [arr. for voice and ensemble as "The Resounding Lyre", 1979]
Rhymes from the Hill, song cycle (5 songs), voice, cl, cello & marimba (1968)[text: after Christian Morgenstern's "Galgenlieder"]
 Of Shadows Numberless, on Keats' "Ode to a nightingale" (6 pieces), piano (1966)
Bells, low or medium voice and piano (1966) [text: William Jones]
The Seasons of Time, song cycle (9 songs), voice, fl, vc and pf/celesta (or voice & pf) (1969)[text: Tanka poetry of ancient Japan]
Sacred Service for Sabbath Morning, cantor, SATB soloist, chorus, fl, ob, bsn, tpt, va, vc & org (1970) [text: Hebrew liturgy]
Suite, clarinet in A (or bassoon) and piano (1972)
Shirat Miriam l'Shabbat, a Sabbath Evening Service, cantor, chorus and organ (1974) [text: Hebrew liturgy]
Fantasy on an Irish Folk Motives, oboe, bassoon (or cello), viola and 1 percussionist (1975)
Nocturnes, song cycle (3 songs), voice, flute, oboe, violin, cello and vibraphone (1976)
Piano Sonata (1977)
Songs of Youth and Madness, song cycle (4 songs), voice and orchestra (1977) [text: Friedrich Hölderlin]
Trio, clarinet in A, cello and piano (1978)
The Resounding Lyre (orig title: Spiritual Airs)(3 songs), voice, fl, ob, bsn, tpt, vln, va & vc (1979)[arr. from "Spiritual Madrigals"]
Voices from Elysium, song cycle (7 songs), high voice, flute, clarinet, violin, cello and piano (1979) [text: ancient Greek poets]
Spirit Above the Dust, song cycle (7 songs), medium voice, flute, oboe, bassoon, horn, 2 violins, viola and cello (1980)
A Woman of Valor (Eishet chayil), song cycle (3 songs), high voice and piano (1981) [text: in Hebrew from Psalms and Proverbs]
Wing'd Hour, song cycle (3 songs), voice, flute, oboe, vibraphone, violin and cello (or voice and piano) (1983)
Where Wild Carnations Blow (A Song to David), soloist, chorus and chamber ensemble (1984) [text: Christopher Smart]
Creature to Creature, song cycle (7 songs), voice, flute and harp (1985) [text: "an animalculary" by Nancy Cardozo]
Steeds of Darkness, song cycle (2 songs), high voice, flute, oboe, cello, percussion and piano (1986) [1987?]
Poet to Poet: an Ode to Ben Jonson, song cycle (3 songs), high voice and piano (1987)
The Shooting Starres Attend Thee, song cycle (4 songs), high voice, flute, violin and cello (1987)
Eclogue, flute and piano (1987; in manuscript "c. 1990")
Boehmischer Krystall, soprano, fl, cl, vln, vc and pf (or soprano and piano) (1988) [text: from Pierrot Lunaire by Albert Giraud]
Songs from the Greek for Pipes and Strings, mezzo-soprano, ob, cl, bsn and piano (1989) [text: ancient Greek poets]
Rondo Appassionato, cello, piano and 1 percussionist (1990)
Ayelet Hashakhar (Morning Star), songs of childhood on Hebrew texts (4 songs), medium voice and piano (1990)


WORKS BY GENRE                                                            Gideon Links     ~ top of page ~
Dramatic/Theater
Fortunato, chamber opera in 3 scenes (1958) [libretto: Gideon, after S. and J. Quintero]

Orchestra
Allegro and Andante, orchestra (1940, withdrawn)
Epigrams, suite, chamber orchestra (1941, unpublished)
Lyric Piece, string quartet (1941) [also arr. for string orchestra]
Symphonia brevis (2 Movements for Orchestra), orchestra (1953)

Choral
May the Words, chorus (1930)
Slow, Slow, Fresh Fount, madrigal, male chorus (or mixed chorus) (1941) [text: Ben Jonson]
Sweet Western Wind, chorus (1943) [text: Robert Herrick]
How Goodly Are Thy Tents, chorus and organ/piano (1947) [text: Psalm 84]
Adon Olom (Lord God of All), chorus, ob, tpt and string orch/ensemble (1954?; pub. 1957) [also arr. chorus and pf/org]
May the Words of My Mouth, chorus (1957) [text: Union Prayer Book/Jewish Reform service]
Habitable Earth, cantata in 3 parts, SATB soloists, chorus, oboe and piano (or organ) (1965) [text: Bible/Proverbs]
Spiritual Madrigals, male chorus, bassoon, viola and cello (1965) [arr. for voice and ensemble as "The Resounding Lyre", 1979]
    - Mutterbildnis [text: Frederic Ewen]
    - Wähebüf und Nichtenvint [text: Süezkint von Trimperg]
    - Hallelujah [text: Heinrich Heine]
Sacred Service for Sabbath Morning, cantor, SATB soloist, chorus, fl, ob, bsn, tpt, va, vc & org (1970) [text: Hebrew liturgy]
Shirat Miriam l'Shabbat, a Sabbath Evening Service, cantor, chorus and organ (1974) [text: Hebrew liturgy]
    - Prelude
    - Ma tovu
    - Lʻchu nʻranʻnah
    - Lʻchah dodi
    - Adonai malach
    - Barʻchu
    - Shʻma
    - Silent prayer
    - Mi chamochah
    - Hashkivenu
    - Silent prayer
    - Yihʻ yu
    - Vayʻchulu
    - Kiddush
    - Vaanachnu
    - Mourners' kaddish
    - Shalom aleichem
Where Wild Carnations Blow (A Song to David), soloist, chorus and chamber ensemble (1984) [text: Christopher Smart]

Chamber
Three Cornered Pieces (Piano Suite No. l) (6 pieces), piano (1935) [for young playeers] [also arr. for flute, clarinet and piano]
Lyric Piece, string quartet (1941) [also arr. for string orchestra]
String Quartet (1946)
Divertimento, woodwind quartet (1948; pub. 1957)
Fantasy on an Irish Folk Motives, oboe, bassoon (or cello), viola and 1 percussionist (1975)
Trio, clarinet in A, cello and piano (1978)
Rondo Appassionato, cello, piano and 1 percussionist (1990)

Instrument and Piano
Incantation on an Indian Theme, viola and piano (1939, unpublished)
Flute Sontata, flute and piano (1943, unpublished)
Fantasy on a Javanese Motive, cello and piano (1948)
Viola Sonata (1948)
Air, violin and piano (1950)
Three Biblical Masks, violin and piano (1979) [portraits of 3 characters in Purim story from Bk of Esther][from organ work, 1958]
    - Haman, crafty and malevolent
    - Esther, gracious and humane
    - Mordecai, noble and wise
Cello Sonata (1961; pub. 1991)
Suite, clarinet in A (or bassoon) and piano (1972)
Eclogue, flute and piano (1987; in manuscript "c. 1990")

Piano or Organ
Three Cornered Pieces (Piano Suite No. l) (6 pieces), piano (1935) [for young playeers] [also arr. for flute, clarinet and piano]
Hommage a ma jeunesse (To My Youth), sonatina, 2 pianos (1935)
Sketches (Piano Suite No. 2), piano (1937-40)
Canzona, piano (1945)
Tango langoroso, piano (1950?)
Piano Suite No. 3 (3 pieces), piano (1951)
    - Restlessly
    - Tenderly
    - Vehemently
Six Cuckoos in Quest of a Composer: with apologies to Pirandello and others (6 pieces), piano (1953)
    - Il cuculo nel renascimento, Ricercar in tre voci
    - Kleines Praeludium im Barockstil auf den Namen "Kuku"
    - Klassische Sonatina auf ein berühmtes Motiv
    - Le coucou au dix-neuvième siècle, Prélude sentimental
    - Impression d'un coucou
    - The bird
Piano Suite for Children (pub. 1957) [Piano Suite No. 4?]
    - Waltz (seconds)
    - Walk (thirds)
    - March (fourths)
Piano Suite No. 5 (pub. 1958)
Biblical Masks (Three Biblical Masks), organ (1958) [arr. 1979 for violin and piano]
    - Cunning (Haman, crafty and malevolent)
    - Grace (Esther, gracious and humane)
    - Wisdom (Mordecai, noble and wise)
 Of Shadows Numberless, on Keats' "Ode to a nightingale" (6 pieces), piano (1966)
    - Magic casements opening on seas of perilous foam
    - The blushful Hippocrene
    - Ritornelle: magic casements opening
    - The murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves
    - White hawthorne and the pastoral eglantine
    - Adieu! thy plaintive anthem fades past the near meadows
Piano Sonata (1977)

Vocal
Chanson, voice and piano (1929, unpublished) [text: P. Louÿs]
Das Mädchen im Kampf mit sich selbst, voice and piano (1929) [text: F. Hebbel]
Song from without the World, voice and piano (1929, unpublished) [text: anon.]
Einsamkeit, voice and piano (1930) [text: N. Lenau]
Les elfes, voice and piano (1930, unpublished) [text: Leconte de Lisle]
Leise zieht durch mein Gemut, voice and piano (1930) [text: Heine]
La pluie au matin, voice and piano (1930, unpublished) [text: P. Louÿs]
Slumber Song, voice and piano (1931, unpublished) [text: S. Sassoon]
Be still, the hanging gardens were a dream, voice and piano (1934, unpublished) [text: T. Stickney]
Orion, voice and piano (1934, unpublished)
German Songs (5 songs), voice and piano (1937)
    - Vergiftet sind meine Lieder [text: Heine]
    - Abendlied [text: Claudius]
    - Lockung [text: Eichendorf]
    - Ach, du, um die die Blumen sich verliebt [text: Lenz]
    - Einsamkeit [text: Lenau]
At the Aquarium, voice and piano (1938, unpublished) [text: M. Eastman]
Im Traum, voice and piano (1938, unpublished) [text: Heine]
Sonnet, voice and piano (1938, unpublished) [text: e.e. cummings]
Southern Road, voice and piano (1938, unpublished) [text: S. Brown]
She Weeps Over Rahoon, voice and piano (1939) [text: James Joyce]
The Too-Late Born, high voice and piano (1939) [text: Archibald MacLeish]
Gather Ye Rosebuds, voice and piano (1940, unpublished) [text: Robert Herrick]
The Hound of Heaven, voice, oboe, violin, viola and cello (1945) [text: Francis Thompson]
Sonnets from Shakespeare, song cycle (5 songs), voice, trumpet and string orchestra (or string quartet) (1950)
    - Sonnet vii (Music to hear)
    - Sonnet xix (Devouring time)
    - brief ritornelle
    - Sonnett xxxiii (Full many a glorious morning)
    - brief ritornelle
    - Sonnet lxx (No longer mourn for me)
    - Sonnett lxxiii (No, Time, Thou shalt not boast)
    - longer ritornelle (to be played if at least 3 of the sonnets are performed)
Little Ivory Figures Pulled with String, voice and guitar (1950) [text: Amy Lowell]
Epitaphs from Robert Burns, song cycle (4 songs), voice and piano (1952)
    - Epitaph for a Wag in Mauchline
    - Epitaph on Wee Johnie
    - Epitaph on the Author
    - Monody on a Lady Famed for Her Caprice
Sonnets from "Fatal Interview", song cycle (3 songs), voice, vln, va & vc (or voice & pf) (1952; pub. 1961?)[text: St. Vincent Millay]
    - Gone in good sooth you are
    - Moon is my sister
    - Moon, that against the lintel of the west
Mixco, voice and piano (1957) [text: Miguel Angel Asturias]
To Music, high voice and piano (1957) [text: Robert Herrick]
The Adorable Mouse, voice, fl, cl, bsn, hn, timp and hpschd (1960) [text: Gideon, after a fable by La Fontaine]
    - also arr. for narrator and piano (or narrator, fl, cl, 2 hn, pf, timp and str orch/ensemble)
Songs of Voyage, song cycle (2 songs), voice and piano (1961)
    - Farewell Tablet to Agathocles [text: Florence Wilkinson]
    - The Nightingale Unheard [text: Josephine Preston Peabody]
The Condemned Playground, song cycle (3 songs), soprano, tenor, flute, bassoon and string quartet (1963)
    - Pyrrha [text: Horace]
    - Hiroshima [text: G. Spokes]
    - The Litanies of Satan [text: C.P. Baudelaire]
Questions on Nature, song cycle (7 songs), medium voice, oboe, piano, tam-tam and glockenspiel (1964) [text: Adelard of Bath]
    - How the earth moves
    - Why the planets
    - Whence the winds arise
    - Whether the stars fall
    - Whether beasts have souls
    - Why we hear echoes
    - Why joy is the cause of weeping
Rhymes from the Hill, song cycle (5 songs), voice, cl, cello & marimba (1968)[text: after Christian Morgenstern's "Galgenlieder"]
    - Bundeslied der Galgenbrueder
    - Galgenkindes Wiegenlied
    - Zwei Uhren
        - Die korfsche Uhr
        - Palmstrom's Uhr
    - Der Seufzer
Bells, low or medium voice and piano (1966) [text: William Jones]
The Seasons of Time, song cycle (9 songs), voice, fl, vc and pf/celesta (or voice & pf) (1969)[text: Tanka poetry of ancient Japan]
    - Now it is spring
    - The wild geese returning
    - Can it be that there is no moon
    - Gossip grows like trees
    - In the leafy treetops
    - A passing show'r
    - I have always known
    - To what shall I compare this world?
    - Yonder in the plum-tree
Nocturnes, song cycle (3 songs), voice, flute, oboe, violin, cello and vibraphone (1976)
    - Prelude
    - To the Moon [text: Shelley]
    - High Tide [text: J.S. Untermeyer]
    - Interlude
    - Witchery [text: F.D. Sherman]
Songs of Youth and Madness, song cycle (4 songs), voice and orchestra (1977) [text: Friedrich Hölderlin]
    - To the Fates
    - To Diotima
    - Affirmation
    - The Walk
The Resounding Lyre (orig title: Spiritual Airs)(3 songs), voice, fl, ob, bsn, tpt, vln, va & vc (1979)[arr. from "Spiritual Madrigals"]
    - Mutterbildnis [text: Frederic Ewen]
    - Wähebüf und Nichtenvint [text: Süezkint von Trimperg]
    - Hallelujah [text: Heinrich Heine]
Voices from Elysium, song cycle (7 songs), high voice, flute, clarinet, violin, cello and piano (1979) [text: ancient Greek poets]
    - The Swallow (Children's song) [text: anon.]
    - Cicada [text: anon.]
    - Prayer to Hermes [text: Hipponax]
    - Epitaph of a Sailor [text: Theodoras]
    - Of the Sensual World [text: Praxilla]
    - Hesperos [text: anon.]
    - Rest [text: Alkman]
Spirit Above the Dust, song cycle (7 songs), medium voice, flute, oboe, bassoon, horn, 2 violins, viola and cello (1980)
    - Prologue [text: Anne Bradstreet]
    - Know the World [text: Archibald MacLeish]
    - The Two Trees [text: Archibald MacLeish]
    - The Linden Branch [text: Archibald MacLeish]
    - Black Boy [text: Norman Rosten]
    - Caliban [text: Norman Roster]
    - Interlude
    - The Snow Fall [text: Archibald MacLeish]
A Woman of Valor (Eishet chayil), song cycle (3 songs), high voice and piano (1981) [text: in Hebrew from Psalms and Proverbs]
    - Psalm 127
    - Proverbs: 31- 10, 25, 28, 31
    - Psalm 128
Wing'd Hour, song cycle (3 songs), voice, flute, oboe, vibraphone, violin and cello (or voice and piano) (1983)
    - Silent noon [text: Dante Gabriel Rossetti]
    - My heart is like a singing bird [text: Christina Rossetti]
    - Autumn [text: Walter de la Mare]
Ayelet Hashakhar (Morning Star), songs of childhood on Hebrew texts (4 songs), medium voice and piano (1990)
    - Kan Latsipor (The Nest) [text: Ch.N. Bialik]
    - Rogez (The Cat is Angry)  [text: Miriam Yalan-Stekelis]
    - Ayelet Hashakhar (Morning Star) [text: Leah Goldberg]
    - Nad, Nad (See-Saw) [text: Ch. N. Bialik]


GIDEON  LINKS                                                            Works by Genre      ~ top of page ~
Miriam Gideon - A Conversation with Bruce Duffie (kcstudio.com)
Miriam Gideon: A Jewish Pioneer (Anne Gray, IAWM Journal)
Miriam Gideon Obiturary (The New York Times)
Miriam Gideon's Cantata, "The Habitabel Earth": A Conductor's Analysis (Stella Bonilla, LA St Univ)
Sparring with Fate: Miriam Gideon's 1958 opera "Fortunato" (Stephanie Jensen-Moulton)

Composer website (at American Composers Alliance)  . . .   inquire about Miriam Gideon:  here

Gideon @ Wikipedia
Gideon @ American Composers Alliance
Gideon @ American Music Center
Gideon @ Answers.com
Gideon @ Art of the States    also     here
Gideon @ Classical Archives
Gideon @ ClassicsToday (via Google)
Gideon @ earsense chamberbase
Gideon @ Jewish Virtual Library
Gideon @ Jewish Women's Archive
Gideon @ Milken Archive of Jewish Music
Gideon @ MusicWeb International
Gideon @ Music Associates of America
Gideon @ Naxos
Gideon @ New World Records    also    here
Gideon @ New York Public Library/Miriam Gideon Papers 1905-1992
Gideon @ The New York Times
Gideon @ Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers
Gideon @ Notable American Women (Susan Ware, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, books.google.com)
Gideon @ REC Music Foundation /The Lied and Art Song Texts Page
Gideon @ Schott Music
Gideon @ Song of America

Publisher
Gideon @ American Composers Alliance
Gideon @ Columbia University Music Press [sole agents, Galaxy Music Corp.]
Gideon @ Composers Facsimile Edition
Gideon @ Carl Fisher
Gideon @ Highgate Press [sole selling agent, Galaxy Music]
Gideon @ Joshua Corp., c/o General Music Pub. Co
Gideon @ Mercury Music
Gideon @ Merrymount Music Press [Mercury Music Corp.]
Gideon @ Mobart Music Publications
Gideon @ New Music Society
Gideon @ Edition Peters
Gideon @ E.C. Schirmer Publishing
Gideon @ Schott Music
Gideon @ Transcontinental Music Publications

Streaming Audio
Gideon @ Art of the States
Gideon @ Classical Archives
Gideon @ last.fm
Gideon @ Rhapsody.com

Recordings
Gideon @ Amazon.com
Gideon @ ArkivMusic
Gideon @ CD Universe
Gideon @ ClassicsOnline
Gideon @ Discogs
Gideon @ DRAM Online
Gideon @ New World Records

Video
Gideon @ YouTube
Gideon @ Google Video
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