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Luigi Dallapiccola (1904-1975)

Luigi Dallapiccola, composer Luigi Dallapiccola became an ardent admirer of the Second Viennese School early in his career. He was the first Italian composer to work within the twelve-tone system, and his work in atonality led to his being considered one of Italy's most important composers in the twentieth century. The impact of both World Wars can be heard in his compositions, and he used atonality in the service of rich melodies that conveyed his very personal themes. Though he is widely known for his 12-tone instrumental compositions, he achieved an equal reputation for his operas, even though he only completed three. Dallapiccola also had a successful career as a pianist, during which he was in a long-standing partnership with violinist Sandro Materassi. His career spanned more than 50 years of performing, teaching, writing, and composing. He received membership in several national academies of arts, and was awarded the Albert Schweitzer Prize shortly after his death. Dallapiccola was active until late in life. He traveled widely throughout Europe, England, the U.S., and Argentina. In addition to composing and performing, he was a consummate lecturer and teacher. He taught at several schools in the U.S., including Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, Queens College New York, University of California at Berkeley, Dartmouth College, and at the Aspen Music School. He also lectured at the Instituto Torcuato di Tella in Buenos Aires. Dallapiccola also wrote widely. His writing began in the mid-'40s for the publication Il mondo europeo and continued throughout his career.
-  Bruce Lundgren/All Music Guide

COMPOSITIONS                                                            Dallapiccola Links     ~ ~ ~     Works by Genre
Early songs, voice and piano (1924-26) [text: Marin]
Due canzoni di Grado, mezzo-soprano, small female chorus and small orchestra (1927) [text: B. Marin]
Dalla mia terra, mezzo-soprano, chorus and orchestra (1928) [text: Istrian traditional] [3rd song rev. & pub. 1946]
Due laudi di Fra Jacopone da Todi, soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (1929)
Due liriche del Kalevala, tenor, baritone, chamber chorus and percussion (1930)
La canzone del Quarnaro, tenor, male chorus and orchestra (1930) [text: G. D'Annunzio]
Partita, orchestra, w/soprano in finale (1930-32) [text: medieval Latin]
Estate, male chorus (1932) [text: A1caeus; trans. E. Romagnoli]
Tre studi, soprano and chamber orchestra (1932) [text: Kalevala, trans. Pavolini]
Rapsodia, studio per La morte del Conte Orlando, voice and chamber orchestra (1932-33) [text: Chanson de Roland]
Sei cori di Michelangelo Buonarroti il giovane
    - Il coro delle malmaritate, chorus (1933)
    - Il coro dei malammogliati, chorus (1933)
    - I balconi della rosa, boys'/female chorus and 17 instruments (1934-35)
    - Il papavero, boys'/female chorus and 17 instruments (1934-35)
    - Il coro degli Zitti, chorus and orchestra (1935-36)
    - Il coro dei Lanzi briachi, chorus and orchestra (1935-36)
Divertimento in 4 esercizi, soprano, flute/picc, oboe, clarinet, viola and cello (1934) [text: 13th century]
Musica per tre pianoforti, 3 pianos (1935) [Inni]
Tre laudi, soprano (or tenor) and 13 instruments (1936-37) [text: Laudario dei Battuti, Modena, 1266]
Volo di notte, opera in 1 act (1937-39; fp 18 May 1940) [libretto: Dallapiccola, after A. de Sainr-Exupery)
Canti di prigionia, chorus, 2 pianos, 2 harps and percussion (1938-41) [text: Queen Mary Stuart, Boethius, G. Savonarola]
Piccolo concerto per Muriel Couvreux, piano and chamber orchestra (1939-41)
Sonatina canonica su Capricci di Niccolo Paganini, piano (1942-43) [after Paganini] [1946???]
Marsia, ballet in 1 act (1942-43; fp. 9 Sept 1948)
    - Frammenti sinfonici, orchestra (1947) [from ballet "Marsia", 1943]
    - Tre episodi, piano (1949) [from ballet "Marsia", 1943]
Liriche greche [texts translated by S. Quasimodo]
    - 5 frammenti di Saffo, voice and 15 instruments (1942)
    - 6 carmina Alcaei, voice and 11 instruments (1943)
    - 2 liriche di Anacreonte, voice, 2 clarinets, viola and piano (1944-45)
Ciaccona, intermezzo e adagio, cello (1945)
Rencesvals, mezzo-soprano (or baritone) and piano (1946) [text: Chanson de Roland]
Due studi, violin and piano (1946-47) [adapted as "Due pezzi", orchestra, 1947]
Il prigioniero, opera in 1 act, with prologue (1944-48; fp. 1 Dec 1949) [libretto: Dallapiccola, after V. de l'Isle Adam, C. de Coster]
Quattro liriche di Antonio Machado, soprano and piano (1948) [arr. w/chamber orch, 1964]
Tre poemi, soprano and 14 instruments (1949) [text: Joyce, trans. Montale; Michelangelo; M. Machado, trans. Dallapiccola]
Job, sacra rappresentazione (opera), in 1 act (1950) [libretto: Dallapiccola, after Bible]
Tartiniana, violin and orchestra (1951) [after Tartini]
Quaderna musicale di Annalibera, piano (1952) [adapted as "Variazioni", orchestra, 1954] [featuring the BACH motif]
Goethe Lieder (7 songs), mezzo-soprano and 3 clarinets [piccolo clarinet, clarinet, and bass clarinet] (1953)
Piccola musica notturna, orchestra (1954) [arr. for fl, ob, cl, hp, celestra and string trio, 1961]
Canti di liberazione, chorus and orchestra (1951-55) [text: S. Castellio, Bible: Exodus, St Augustine]
An Mathilde, soprano and orchestra (1955) [text: H. Heine]
Tartiniana seconda, violin and piano (or violin and orchestra) (1955-56)
Cinque canti (5 songs), baritone and 8 instruments (1956) [text: Greek., trans. Quasimodo]
Concerto per la notte di Natale dell'anna 1956, soprano and chamber orchestra (1957; rev. 1958) [text: Jacopone da Todi]
Requiescant, chorus and orchestra (1957-58) [text: St. Matthew, O. Wilde, J. Joyce]
Dialoghi, cello and orchestra (1959-60)
Three Questions with Two Answers, orchestra (1962)
Preghiere (3 songs), baritone and chamber orchestra (1962) [text: M. Mendes, trans. R. Jacobbi]
Parole di San Paolo, mezzo-soprano (or boy soprano) and 11 instruments (1964) [text: St. Paul's 1st letter to the Corinthians]
Ulisse, opera in 2 acts, with prologue (1960-68) [libretto: Dallapiccola, after Homer]
Sicut umbra, mezzo-soprano and 12 instruments (1970) [text: J.R. Jimenez]
Tempus destruendi - Tempus aedificandi, chorus (1970-71) [text: Paulinus Aquileiensis, Dermatus]
Commiato, soprano and 15 instruments (1972) [text: attrib. B. Larini]


WORKS BY GENRE                                                            Dallapiccola Links     ~ top of page ~
Dramatic/Theater
Volo di notte, opera in 1 act (1937-39; fp 18 May 1940) [libretto: Dallapiccola, after A. de Sainr-Exupery)
Marsia, ballet in 1 act (1942-43; fp. 9 Sept 1948)
Il prigioniero, opera in 1 act, with prologue (1944-48; fp. 1 Dec 1949) [libretto: Dallapiccola, after V. de l'Isle Adam, C. de Coster]
Job, sacra rappresentazione (opera), in 1 act (1950) [libretto: Dallapiccola, after Bible]
Ulisse, opera in 2 acts, with prologue (1960-68) [libretto: Dallapiccola, after Homer]

Orchestra
Partita, orchestra, w/soprano in finale (1930-32) [text: medieval Latin]
Due pezzi, orchestra (1946-47) [arr. 1947 from work for violin and piano, "Due studi", 1946-47]
Frammenti sinfonici, orchestra (1943/47) [from ballet "Marsia", 1943]
Variazioni, orchestra (1952/1954) [arr. from piano work "Quaderna musicale di Annalibera", 1952] [featuring the BACH motif]
Piccola musica notturna, orchestra (1954) [arr. for fl, ob, cl, harp, celestra and string trio, 1961]
Three Questions with Two Answers, orchestra (1962)

Soloist(s) w/Orchestra
Piccolo concerto per Muriel Couvreux, piano and chamber orchestra (1939-41)
Tartiniana, violin and orchestra (1951) [after Tartini]
Tartiniana seconda, violin and piano (or violin and orchestra) (1955-56)
Dialoghi, cello and orchestra (1959-60)

Chorus w/Orchestra
Due canzoni di Grado, mezzo-soprano, small female chorus and small orchestra (1927) [text: B. Marin]
    - In modo popolaresco, female chorus and orchestra
    - Animato (ritmare molto liberamente), soprano and orchestra
Dalla mia terra, mezzo-soprano, chorus and orchestra (1928) [text: Istrian traditional] [3rd song rev. & pub. 1946]
Due laudi di Fra Jacopone da Todi, soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (1929)
Due liriche del Kalevala, tenor, baritone, chamber chorus and percussion (1930)
La canzone del Quarnaro, tenor, male chorus and orchestra (1930) [text: G. D'Annunzio]
Sei cori di Michelangelo Buonarroti il giovane
    - Il coro delle malmaritate, chorus (1933)
    - Il coro dei malammogliati, chorus (1933)
    - I balconi della rosa, boys'/female chorus and 17 instruments (1934-35)
    - Il papavero, boys'/female chorus and 17 instruments (1934-35)
    - Il coro degli Zitti, chorus and orchestra (1935-36)
    - Il coro dei Lanzi briachi, chorus and orchestra (1935-36)
Canti di liberazione, chorus and orchestra (1951-55) [text: S. Castellio, Bible: Exodus, St Augustine]
Requiescant, chorus and orchestra (1957-58) [text: St. Matthew, O. Wilde, J. Joyce]

Choral
Estate, male chorus (1932) [text: A1caeus; trans. E. Romagnoli]
Il coro delle malmaritate, chorus (1933) [from "Sei cori di Michelangelo Buonarroti il giovane"]
Il coro dei malammogliati, chorus (1933) [from "Sei cori di Michelangelo Buonarroti il giovane"]
I balconi della rosa, boys'/female chorus and 17 instruments (1934-35) [from "Sei cori di Michelangelo Buonarroti il giovane"]
Il papavero, boys'/female chorus and 17 instruments (1934-35) [from "Sei cori di Michelangelo Buonarroti il giovane"]
Canti di prigionia, chorus, 2 pianos, 2 harps and percussion (1938-41) [text: Queen Mary Stuart, Boethius, G. Savonarola]
Tempus destruendi - Tempus aedificandi, chorus (1970-71) [text: Paulinus Aquileiensis, Dermatus]

Chamber
Due studi, violin and piano (1946-47) [adapted as "Due pezzi", orchestra, 1947]
Piccola musica notturna, fl, ob, cl, harp, celestra and string trio (1954/61) [arr. 1961 from work for orchestra, 1954]
Tartiniana seconda, violin and piano (or violin and orchestra) (1955-56)

Solo Instrument
Ciaccona, intermezzo e adagio, cello (1945)

Piano
Musica per tre pianoforti, 3 pianos (1935) [Inni]
Sonatina canonica su Capricci di Niccolo Paganini, piano (1942-43) [after Paganini] [1946???]
Tre episodi, piano (1949) [from ballet "Marsia", 1943]
Quaderna musicale di Annalibera, piano (1952) [adapted as "Variazioni", orchestra, 1954] [featuring the BACH motif]

Vocal
Early songs, voice and piano (1924-26) [text: Marin]
Animato (ritmare molto liberamente), soprano and orchestra (1927) [from " Due canzoni di Grado", 1927] [text: B. Marin]
Partita, orchestra, w/soprano in finale (1930-32) [text: medieval Latin]
Tre studi, soprano and chamber orchestra (1932) [text: Kalevala, trans. Pavolini]
    - Sarabanda
    - Giga
    - Canzone
Rapsodia, studio per La morte del Conte Orlando, voice and chamber orchestra (1932-33) [text: Chanson de Roland]
Divertimento in 4 esercizi, soprano, flute/picc, oboe, clarinet, viola and cello (1934) [text: 13th century]
    - Introduzione
    - Arietta
    - Bourrée
    - Siciliana
Tre laudi, soprano (or tenor) and 13 instruments (1936-37) [text: Laudario dei Battuti, Modena, 1266]
Liriche greche [texts translated by S. Quasimodo]
    - Cinque (5) frammenti di Saffo, voice and 15 instruments (1942)
    - Sex (6) carmina Alcaei, voice and 11 instruments (1943)
    - Due (2) liriche di Anacreonte, voice, 2 clarinets, viola and piano (1944-45)
Rencesvals: trois fragments de La chanson de Roland, mezzo-soprano (or baritone) and piano (1946) [text: Chanson de Roland]
Quattro liriche di Antonio Machado, soprano and piano (1948) [arr. w/chamber orch, 1964]
    - La primavera ha venido
    - Ayer soñé que veía
    - Señor, ya me arrancaste lo que yo más quería
    - La primavera ha venido
Tre poemi, soprano and 14 instruments (1949) [text: Joyce, trans. Montale; Michelangelo; M. Machado, trans. Dallapiccola]
    - Per un fiore dato alla mia bambina
    - Chiunche nasce a morte arriva
    - Figlio, per riposar
Goethe Lieder (7 songs), mezzo-soprano and 3 clarinets [piccolo clarinet, clarinet, and bass clarinet] (1953)
    - In tausend formen magst du dich verstecken
    - Die sonne kommt! Ein prachterscheinen!
    - Lass deinen sussen rubinenmund
    - Moge wasser, springend, wallend
    - Der spiegel sagt mir: ich bin schon!
    - Kaum das ich dich wieder habe
    - Ist's moglich, dass ich, liebchen, dich kose
An Mathilde, soprano and orchestra (1955) [text: H. Heine]
Cinque canti (5 songs), baritone and 8 instruments (1956) [text: Greek., trans. Quasimodo]
    - Aspettiamo la stella mattutina
    - Dorati uccelli dall'acuta voce
    - Acheronte che tormenti
    - Dormono le cime dei monti
    - Ardano, attraverso la notte
Concerto per la notte di Natale dell'anna 1956, soprano and chamber orchestra (1957; rev. 1958) [text: Jacopone da Todi]
    - Prologo
    - Primo inno
    - Intermezzo
    - Secondo inno
    - Epilogo
Preghiere (3 songs), baritone and chamber orchestra (1962) [text: M. Mendes, trans. R. Jacobbi]
    - Oscura vita
    - Trasfigurato dal soffio della notte
    - Dinanzi al crocifisso
Parole di San Paolo, mezzo-soprano (or boy soprano) and 11 instruments (1964) [text: St. Paul's 1st letter to the Corinthians]
Sicut umbra, mezzo-soprano and 12 instruments (1970) [text: J.R. Jimenez]
Commiato, soprano and 15 instruments (1972) [text: attrib. B. Larini]

Incidental/Film
[????], film score (1948, lost)
[????], film score (1948, lost)
[????], film score (1953
)

The Due Pezzi (1946-47) originated from sketches made for a film score. This was to have been a documentary about the great Renaissance painter Piero della Francesca. The film was never made. Dallapiccola salvaged some of the music and used it in Due Studi for violin and piano. Later these Studi were re-scored and expanded for full orchestra.


DALLAPICCOLA  LINKS                                                            Works by Genre      ~ top of page ~
An Analysis of Luigi Dallapiccola's Sicut Umbra (Deborah Miller and Mario Pelusi)
Luigi Dallapiccola - The Complete Works: A Catalogue (Calum MacDonald, Boosey & Hawkes)
Luigi Dallapiccola's: Die Sonne kommt (Brian Draper's Music Theory Page)
Luigi Dallapiccola's First Twelve-tone Work (Julie Crosson, NC Docks)
Luigi Dallapiccola's Sketch for "Ulisse" (Wayne Shirley, Moldenhauer Archives/Library of Congress)
Row Construction and Accompaniment in Dallapiccola's "Il Prigioniero" (Dori Waggoner, MoSpace)
Songs of Freedom (Misha Donat, The Guardian)
Tonal References in Luigi Dallapiccola's "Quaderno musicale pi annalibera" (Rachel Elice Mann)

Books
The Music of Luigi Dallapiccola (Raymond Fearn, Boydell & Brewer)
The Twelve-Tone Music of Luigi Dallapiccola (Brian Alegant, Univ of Rochester Pr, books.google.com)

Composer website [none at the moment]   . . .   inquire about Luigi Dallapiccola:  here

Dallapiccola @ Wikipedia
Dallapiccola @ Wikipedia.it (Italian)
Dallapiccola @ American Symphony Orchestra (via google)
Dallapiccola @ Answers.com
Dallapiccola @ Classic Cat
Dallapiccola @ Classical.com
Dallapiccola @ Classical Archives
Dallapiccola @ Classical Composers Database
Dallapiccola @ Classical Net
Dallapiccola @ ClassicsToday
Dallapiccola @ composition:today
Dallapiccola @ Edizioni Suvini Zerboni
Dallapiccola @ Encyclopedia Britannica
Dallapiccola @ Facebook
Dallapiccola @ IMDb (Internet Movie Database)
Dallapiccola @ InstantEncore
Dallapiccola @ IRCAM (in French)
Dallapiccola @ Istria on the Internet
Dallapiccola @ Italian Opera Since 1945 (Raymond Fearn, Psychology Pr, books.google.com)
Dallapiccola @ The Kennedy Center
Dallapiccola @ Karadar Classical Music
Dallapiccola @ Los Angeles Philharmonic
Dallapiccola @ Magazzini-Sonori.it (translated by Google)
Dallapiccola @ Mode Records
Dallapiccola @ Music & Vision
Dallapiccola @ Music Associates of America
Dallapiccola @ MusicWeb International
Dallapiccola @ MySpaceMusic
Dallapiccola @ Naxos
Dallapiccola @ The New York Times
Dallapiccola @ NNDB
Dallapiccola @ REC Music Foundation /The Lied and Art Song Texts Page
Dallapiccola @ Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary

Publisher
Dallapiccola @ Ars Viva
Dallapiccola @ Carisch
Dallapiccola @ Edizioni Suvini Zerboni
Dallapiccola @ Eulenburg
Dallapiccola @ Hermann Scherchen
Dallapiccola @ Universal Edition

Streaming Audio
Dallapiccola @ BBC Radio 3
Dallapiccola @ ConTempoNet
Dallapiccola @ Classical Archives
Dallapiccola @ last.fm
Dallapiccola @ Magazzini-Sonori.it
Dallapiccola @ MySpaceMusic
Dallapiccola @ Rhapsody.com
Dallapiccola @ Yahoo!Music

Recordings
Dallapiccola @ ArkivMusic
Dallapiccola @ ClassicsOnline
Dallapiccola @ Discogs

Video
Dallapiccola @ YouTube
Dallapiccola @ Google Video
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